Saturday, 19 November 2011

Malaysia Info - Terengganu


Terengganu is one of the Malaysian state which is endowed with a wealth of charming and refreshing natural landscapes. She has beaches, exotic islands, lush virgin tropical jungle, quaint fishing villages, dazzling waterfalls and many, many more. Her miles and miles of white, sandy beaches and crystal clear water stretches throughout its 225 km coastline, extending from Besut in the north to Kemaman in the South. Her islands are among the most picturesque and fascinating in the country. From its myriad of colourful pastimes which include batik printing and songket weaving to the rapturous celebration of its many generations of cultural and traditional heritage, Terengganu is indeed a very blessed state.
Terengganu's population, which stands at approximately 1 million people, consists of 90% Malays, with the rest being made up of Chinese and Indians. The pace of life in Kuala Terengganu, its capital state, and all the towns and villages in Terengganu is unhurried and unaffected by the hustle and bustle of a big city.
Terengganu's history goes back to as far as the 1st century and has long been an important area of Malay settlement. Throughout the time up to the present day, Terengganu has been ruled by 16 Sultans.
Area
12 955 sq km

State Capital
Kuala Terengganu

Royal Town
Kuala Terengganu

Administrative Divisions
7 (Besut, Dungun, Kemaman, Marang, Hulu Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Setiu)

Population (2001)
919 300

Breakdown of Races (2001)
• Malays: 869 000
• Chinese: 25 100
• Indians: 2 000
• Others: 900

The present Sultanate of Terengganu had its origins in 1726. Sultan Zainal Abidin I, from the family of the Pahang Bendahara, was the first ruler. His successor, Mansur Syah, played a vital role in checking the influence of Bugis outsiders in the region.
In the subsequent years, the Siamese started to impose its sovereignty over Terengganu with the Sultans sending tributes ( in the form of bunga emas) to Siam until 1909. In July 1909, the Anglo-Thai Treaty of Bangkok saw the British wielding its power over Terengganu. However, Sultan Zainal Abidin III rejected this treaty; a friendship treaty was later ratified and this paved the way for the appointment of an agent of the British Consul-General. Terengganu was finally persuaded to accept a British adviser, J.L. Humphreys, in 1919.
The Japanese Occupation (1941-1945) resulted in Terengganu being handed back to Siam. In September 1945, Terengganu was placed under the British Military Administration.
In 1945, together with Penang and Malacca, and 9 other Malay states, Terengganu joined the Malayan Union. In 1948, it joined the Federation of Malaya, which later achieved independence on 31 August 1957.
The traditional activity of this state is fishing. In the last decade offshore oil installations in the South China Sea near Terengganu have boosted the state's economy and transformed Kuala Terengganu from a sleepy hollow into a beautiful modern city Oil and gas refineries have been set up at Kerteh and Paka. Other economic activities include cottage industries, boat building and agriculture. There are attempts to diversify the economy with new industrial estates being set up in Kuala Terengganu, Dungun and Kemaman.
Apart from nature, the charm of Terengganu lies in its people. They are as beautiful as their state; courteous and helpful. The people of Terengganu welcome with open arms those who wish to share the beauty of the state. They lead a moderate and graceful lifestyle in picturesque villages where religion, tradition and culture are still dominant in their daily activities. Terengganu people are gifted. They are artistically inclined and able to create traditional works of arts including the highly-skilled craft of boat-building.
Terengganu is a paradise for bargain hunters and souvenir collectors. There is ample opportunity to buy batik cloth, songket, traditional woodcarvings, local handicrafts, woven hats and baskets, clothing, intricate filigree silverware, gleaming brassware and decorative wallpieces as well as a staggering variety of dried and fresh food. Another special feature for shoppers are the fascinating bustling weekend markets found in practically every town.
Terengganu cuisine is distinctively memorable for its fresh ingredients, inimitable spices, and unique flavours! There are many good restaurants in Kuala Terengganu serving Malay, Chinese and Indian dishes. Western cuisine can be found at larger hotels and restaurants in many towns. Nasi Dagang is glutinous rice, white or pinkish, cooked in coconut milk and served with fish curry, cucumber, pickle and coconut sambal. More recent accompanying items include chicken and seafood cooked in curry.
Visitors will find most places in Terengganu easily accessible. There is a host of transportation modes that one can choose from, when travelling to and within Terengganu, i.e. by air, road, buses and coaches, taxi. MAS operates daily direct services from Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Terengganu as well as connecting services from other major cities and towns. For inquiries on flight reservations and confirmation, visitors are requested to call MAS at Tel: 09-6221415,09-6222266,09-6664204.
BY AIR
The Sultan Mahmud Airport is only 18 kilometres from Kuala Terengganu. Contact the Airport Information Counter at 09-6664204 for further information.

BY BUS & TAXI
The normal taxi fare is 8.5 sen for 1 km and 10 sen for 1 km for air-conditioned taxis.

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