Wednesday, 9 November 2011

Malaysia Info - Selangor

Located on the west coast of peninsular Malaysia and covering 8,000 square kilometers, Selangor is bounded on the north by Perak, on the east by Pahang and Negeri Sembilan, and on the west by the Straits of Malacca.
Selangor's climate is characterized by a warm, sunny days, and cool nights all year round and occasional rain in the evenings. Temperature ranges from 23°C to 33°C. Humidity usually exceeds 80%. Annual rainfall is 2,670 mm. Although rain falls throughout the year, December to February are said to be the wettest months.
Selangor has been called the gateway of Malaysia. It is also the industrial hub of Malaysia; the country's largest industrial site is located in Shah Alam, the states capital, just 25 kilometers from Kuala Lumpur. It is the most populous state in the country with a total population of 2.7 million inhabitants. Despite being industry-based, the state is blessed with natural forests, waterfalls, hills, and lakes to complement its many man-made attractions.

Selangor's history dates to the 16th century, when rich tin deposits were found in the region. The area's natural wealth, along with its relative freedom from the presence of the Dutch, attracted miners, immigrants and colonisers. One especially important group of settlers were the Bugis, a Malay people from Macassar (now Ujung Padang) in Celebes. Bugis emigration from this great port city followed the steady encroachment of the Dutch over territory previously dominated by Portuguese traders, with whom the Bugis had allied themselves. Renowned for their capabilities as sea traders and warriors, the Bugis soon rose to prominence in Selangor. By 1700 they dominated the state both politically and economically and had established the present Sultanate of Selangor.
Over the course of the eighteenth century, Selangor extended its sphere of influence to become a regional political power. As the western colonial presence increased over the following century, in-fighting between the Bugis, Chinese and Malay nobility forced Selangor to accept the presence of a British Resident in 1874. Unsurprisingly, this foothold in the prosperous state's administration proved out to be rather obstinate. In 1896, the British included Selangor in the Federated Malay States, at about the same time that rubber cultivation began in Malaysia. In 1948 the state joined the Federation of Malaya.
In 1957 the Federation became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1974, the country's capital city of Kuala Lumpur and some of the surrounding areas were ceded to the Federal Government for the establishment of Wilayah Persekutuan, a Federal Territory.
Today Selangor is Malaysia's richest and most developed state. It is home to the largest port in the country, Port Klang, and to many of the country's largest industrial operations, found particularly in the Klang Valley. Its highly diversified economy ranges from agriculture, industry, and commerce to tourism. While industry is rapidly expanding, the mainstays of the state's economy remain rubber, palm-oil, and tin mining. Port Klang, already the largest port in the country, is experiencing vigorous development. Tourism is also beginning to have a major impact on the economy. Selangor completely surrounds the Federal Territory of Wilayah Persekutuan, and there are many close economic and social ties between them.

Travelling to Selangor is really easy and convenient as it has he most modern and comprehensive transport infrastructure of any state in Malaysia.
By Sea  
The nation's largest port is Port Klang, with ultramodern Westport complementing the sophisticated berthing facilities in the area. Nearby is the Star Cruise terminal, which was built exclusively for the convenience of tourists arriving on cruise ships. Smaller single-facility jetties serve visitors from Dumai, Indonesia and the outlying local islands while private marinas welcome foreign guests who wish to berth their yachts in comfort and convenience.
By Air
The Kuala Lumpur International Airport at Sepang is one of the largest and most sophisticated in the world, and is sometimes viewed as an attraction in itself with the forest-style landscaping, numerous eateries and the world's tallest control tower. The Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang caters mainly for domestic flights, as well as for flights to nearby regional destinations. Buses and taxicabs as well as self-drive rental car companies serve both airports.
By Rail
Visitors can come in from Thailand or Singapore by Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) services, while the convenient KTM commuter trains provide regular services to numerous towns within Selangor. The state can also be accessed from Kuala Lumpur by the Star and Putra Light Rail Transit services.
By Road
An excellent network of good roads takes the intrepid traveller to any destination within the state. Selangor is also linked to Singapore, Thailand and the rest of the peninsula by a system of new tolled highways that have all amenities a traveller could need including rest areas, restaurants, souvenir shops and even suraus where Muslims can perform their prayers. These roads include the PLUS North-South Highway, the LDP Puchong-Damansara Highway, The KESAS Shah Alam Expressway, the Karak Highway linking the East Coast, The New Klang Valley Expressway and the SPRINT Expressway into Kuala Lumpur, the Selayang-Kepong Highway, the BESRAYA Salak South Highway and the pioneer project of them all, the venerable Federal Highway.

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