Monday, 14 November 2011

Malaysia Info - Malacca


At approximately 500 miles long the Malacca Strait is the longest strait in the world that is used for international navigation. It forms the main seaway connecting the Indian Ocean with the China Sea and provides the shortest route for tankers trading between the Middle-East Asian countries. The greater part of the waterway runs through the territorial waters of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand with the much shorter Singapore Strait joining it at the southern end. It varies in width from 200 miles to 11 miles with irregular depths from over 70 to less than 10 meters. A through route of 23 meters depth have been identified.
There are numerous wrecks and shoal patches many of which are unconfirmed or their location reported in approximate position. Current predominantly flows in a north-westerly direction with rates of 1 to 1.25 knots but with the effects of tidal streams the speed of the flow increases to 5 knots in some localities.
Tidal range varies with locality from 1.6 to 3.7 meters, with much higher ranges inshore; Port Kelang, for example, experiences high water at spring tide up to 5 meters with the tidal stream attaining rates of over 4 knots. In the Singapore Strait tidal rate of 6 knots can be expected at some localities. Climate is tropical and the sea is generally calm but during the southwest monsoon and the two inter-monsoon periods occasional thunderstorms with squalls giving rise to winds gusting up to 50 knots may be experienced.
Rainfall is abundant and heavy rain can occur at any time of the year; the duration is generally short but intensities are high and often torrential. Visibility used to be good except during showers but haze has been a regular occurrence. In 1992 there was a prolonged period of thick haze reducing visibility to less than 1 kilometer.


Where it all began
Malacca rose from a humble fishing village to become a major center of the spice trade forming a vital link between the East and the West. Melaka (Malacca) is rich with history. In fact, the earliest written records of the country made reference to the Malacca Peninsula, instead of the Malay Peninsula or Malaya. Since it's founding, circa 1400, by a fleeing Sumatra prince, Parameswara. The journey which Parameswara made during his flight to escape the wrath of the Emperor of Majapahit whom he had unsuccessfully tried to overthrown. At the height of its power, the Sultanate of Malacca extended its borders over the whole of peninsula to encompass Pantani in the North and on the west right into the neighboring island of Sumatra to included Aru, Rokan, Siak, Kampar and Inderagiri. This was during the mid-1400s. The Golden Age of the Malacca Sultanate unfortunately lasted only for less then a century.
In 1511, the first of many foreign invasions of Malacca took place when the Portuguese arrived. The Portuguese were determined to control the East-West trade; so Malacca still retained its importance as a trade center until 1641 when the Portuguese surrendered Malacca to the Dutch. The Dutch who had a stronger foothold over the Indonesia archipelago swung the trade center over to Sumatra. In the meantime, Malacca's trade also declined due to the silting of its port. In 1795 Melaka (Malacca) was given to the British to prevent it form falling to the hands of the French, where the Netherlands was captured during the French Revolution. By the time British took over in 1824, the focus of the trade has shifted from Malacca to Singapore and Penang. Malacca however becomes the focal again during the struggle for independence after the Japanese Occupation during the Second World War and the British Colonial period that followed. So when Malaya gained its independence, it was only fitting that the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in Malacca, where it all began. In 1989, Malacca has been declared as Malaysia's history city.


BY BUS | BY AIR | BY TRAIN | BY SEA
Express Bus Services: North Bound | Express Bus Services: South Bound |Express Bus Services: East Bound

Malacca is easily accessible. The most recommended means would be by road.
Express Bus Services: North Bound
Melacca - Kuala Lumpur
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Malacca - K.L. Express
+606.282.2503 +603.238.1578
7.90 Hari Biasa (Weekdays):
6.00am - 6.00pm
Hari Minggu (Weekends)
7.00am - 7.00pm
Jebat Express
+606.284.9940 +603.238.0202
7.90 8.30 am - 7.30 pm
(hourly/setiap jam)
Metrobus Express
+606.282.3636 +603.201.1154
7.90 9.00 am - 5.45 pm
(hourly/setiap jam)
Koperasi Express
+606.286.4255
7.90 8.00am - 7.30pm
Transnasional Express
+606.282.0687 +603.238.4670
8.00 5.30am - 8.00 pm
(hourly/setiap jam)

Melacca - Seremban
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Transnasional Express
+606.282.0687 +603.238.4670
4.70 7.00am - 7.00 pm
(½ hourly)

Melacca - Port Dickson - Klang
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Barat Express
+6019.666.3773
5.50 (PD)
8.00 (Banting)
10.00 (Klang)
10.30am, 12.30pm - 9.30 pm

Melacca - Ipoh - Butterworth - Penang
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Pertiwi Megah Gunung Raya Express
+6017.677.5909
20.00 (Ipoh)
27.00 (Butterworth)
9.00am, 10.00am, 11.00am
9.30pm, 10.00pm
S.E. Express
+606.282.4327
26.00 (Butterworth)
28.00 (Penang)
9.00am, 2.00pm & 9.30pm
Cepat Express
+606.284.3600
28.20 (Penang) 9.00pm
Musroh Express
+606.286. 4255
20.00 (Ipoh)
28.00 (Butterworth)
30.00 (Penang)
9.00am, 10.00am
11.00am, 2.00pm, 9.00pm
9.30pm & 10.00pm

Melacca - Ipoh - Lumut
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
S.E. Express
+606.282.4327
18.00 (Ipoh)
21.00 (Lumut)
9.30am, 9.00pm

Melacca - Alor Setar
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Cepat Express
+606.284.3600
33.00 9.00pm
Musroh Express
+606.286.4255
33.00 8.45am & 9.00pm
Pertiwi Megah Gunung Raya Express
+6017.677.5909
33.00 9.00am & 9.00pm

Express Bus Services: South Bound
Melacca - Johor Bahru - Singapore
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Malacca - Singapore Express
+606.282.4470 +62.293.5915
12.30 (J.B)
13.75 (S'pore)
9.00 am - 5.00 pm (hourly)
Delima Express
+606.284.8908 +606.294.9306
12.30 (J.B)
13.75 (S'pore)
8.00 am - 6.00 pm (hourly)
Jebat Express
+606.281.4307 +607.222.2189
12.30 (J.B) 8.00 am - 6.00 pm (1½ hourly)
Johora Express
+606.282.5201
12.50 (J.B)
14.70 (S'pore)
8.00 am - 8.00 pm (hourly)
Mayang Sari Express
+606.282.9301
12.30 (J.B) 9.30 am - 7.30 pm (hourly)

Melacca - Muar
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
MCW Express
+606.282.3944
2.50 7.40 am - 8.15 pm (½ hourly)

Melacca - Batu Pahat - Kluang
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Orchid Express
+606.283.5553
5.90 (B.Pahat)
9.10 (Kluang)
8.00 am, 9.30am, 11.00am,
1.30pm, 3.00pm, 4.30pm,
6.30pm & 8.30pm
Express Bus Services: East Bound
Melacca - Kuantan - Dungun - Kota Bharu - Kuala Terengganu
Service Operator
Contact No
Rate (RM)
Travel Schedule
Cepat Express
+606.284 3600
 
16.00 (Kuantan) 8.30am & 3.00pm
SKA Express
+606.281 4307
 
18.00 (Kuantan) 12.00pm & 8.00pm
Koperasi Express
+606.286 4255
 
18.00 (Kuantan) 8.00am, 9.30am,
12.00pm & 8.30pm
Budaya Express
+606.282 2555
 
22.00 (Dungun)
26.00 (Kota Bharu)
8.00pm
Note:
  • All Express Buses arrive and depart at the Express Bus Terminal located close to Plaza Hang Tuah at Jalan Tun Ali.
  • All prices shown is in Ringgit Malaysia (RM). Current rate is US$1.00 = RM3.80.
    (RM1.00 = US$0.26)
Taxi Service
Taxi drivers are always ready to take prospective passengers on long distance trips, provided they make enough for the return trip and their efforts. The taxi station in Malacca is just opposite the local bus station. It is unlikely that a taxi will leave for an outstation destination without having a full load of passengers, so the best option if you want to go by taxi would be to hire the whole vehicle. True, it costs much, much more than the buses but it is also lots more convenient and comfortable and certainly, you will have more privacy than traveling on a bus.
For more information on taxi services (air-conditioned ) to major city destinations, please call: +606.284.7163

Rent-A-Car
Service Operator
Contact No
Anna Rent A Car +606.283.5626
Avis Rent A Car +606.284.6710
Hawk Rent A Car +606.283.7878
Shamus Car Rental +606.281.7710
Limousine Services
Service Operator
Contact No
Auto Route Travel 06-282 3776
Rail Travel
Melaka does not have a train station, but visitors wishing to travel by train can do so by going to the nearest station at Tampin which is just 38 km north of Melaka. Tourists are advised to check with the railway offices for schedules and fares at the following places :-
Keretapi Tanah Melayu
Tampin Station :+606.411.1034

Island Boat Service
To Pulau Besar from Umbai Jetty/Ampang Batu 06-2610492
To Pulau Upeh from Tourist Information Centre Jetty,
Jalan Kota (06-2814803 Melaka Parameswara Tour)
By Air
There is a small airport located 9km away in Batu Berendam. It is served by Pelangi Airways which operates a shuttle service to Pekan Baru in Sumatra, Indonesia. The days of departure are on Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. The fare is RM196 per journey and RM405 return journey. For reservation and futher information please contact 06-3174175, 06-3174317 and 06-3174685.

  Useful Telephone Contacts 
Police Headquarters : 2822222
Police (Tourist) 2703238
General Hospital 2822344
Fire Brigade 994
Immigration Office 2824958
General Post Office 2833844
Directory inquiry 103


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