Tuesday, 1 November 2011

Malaysia Info - Kuala Lumpur

Malaysia's Dynamic Capital Affectionately Known as "KL". Young, Eclectic, Modern. A City of the Times. You'll Find it Lively, Buzzing with Vitality, a Gateway to a World of Action, Excitement and Discoveries.
Kuala Lumpur, the capital of the Federation of Malaysia, is centrally located on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Covering an area of 243sq km (94 square miles), it lies approximately 35 km from the coast. Kuala Lumpur was conferred city status on February 1, 1972 and declared as a Federal Territory in 1974. The city began as a mining settlement in the late 1800s with the discovery of tin at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers. Although KL's tin trade has since declined, the growth of the city has remained unabated. Today, with a population of 1.8 million, it is the pulse of the nation. Kuala Lumpur leads the country's fast paced development in trade and commerce, banking and finance, manufacturing, transportation, information technology and tourism.
Getting to Kuala Lumpur is easy with over 40 international airlines, including Malaysia Airlines, serving the city's new state-of-the art Kl International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang. Domestic routes are served by Air Asia, Pelangi Air, Singapore Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines, in addition to Malaysia Airlines. Malaysia is also accessible overland from Thailand in the north, and Singapore in the south, via Kerelapi Tanah Melayu Bhd (KTMB) which connects most of the principal towns in Peninsular Malaysia. By sea, the main port-of-call for cruise liners to Malaysia is Port Klong, situated 41 km from KL. The city's strategic location at the heart of Southeast Asia, along with excellent supporting infrastructure, has made it a popular venue for international events, conventions and exhibitions.

This brief introduction provides the context for the Heritage Trails, which focus on pre-war buildings. Kuala Lumpur had its origins In the 1850s when the Malay Chief of Klang sent Chinese upriver to open new and larger tin mines. They landed at the confluence of Sungai Lumpur (now Gombak) and Sungal Klang and established mines at Ampang. Later, tin mines were opened at Pudu and Batu.
This trading post was a wild frontier town plagued by floods, fires, disease and the Selangor Civil War (1870-73). During this time, Kapitan Cina Yap Ah Loy emerged as a leader, responsible for the survival and growth of the town. In 1880. in view of its strategic location, the Selangor state capital was moved from Klang to Kuala Lumpur. Nothing of this earlier period remains as all structures were of wood and atap (thatch) which were destroyed in the fire and subsequent flood of 1881.
Thereafter, Frank Swettenham, the British Resident of Selangor who was Instrumental in the development of the town, required that buildings be constructed of brick and tile. The advent of the railway increased accessibility. The development of buildings intensified in the 1890s so that it warranted the establishment of the Sanitary Board. In 1896, Kuala Lumpur was chosen as the capital of the newly formed Federated Malay States.
The multiracial community of this period settled in various sections of town. Market Square, east of Sungai Klang, became the commercial centre for the whole town. The Chinese congregated around this Square and south into Chinatown. To the north, across Java Street (now Jalan Tun Perak). were the Malays. Nearby, a number of Indian Chettiars (money-lenders), and in later years Indian Muslim traders, set up business. West of The river, the Padang (now Merdeka Square) was the focal point or the British administration.
Kuala Lumpur continued to grow despite two World Wars. the rubber and tin commodity crash and the State of Emergency (1948-60) during which Malaya was preoccupied with the communist insurgency. In 1957, the Federation of Malaya gained its independence from British rule. Kuala Lumpur remained the capital through the formation of Malaysia, achieving city status in 1972, and was established as the Federal Territory in 1974.

Taxis are available throughout the city and they run on a meter system. There are several taxi companies operating in the city and each has their own unique coloured taxis. There is a minimum fare for each taxi ride (RM2 for the first 2km and 10 sen for every 200 metres thereon) and an extra charge (50%) will be include for service after midnight (till 6:00am) or if you phone (RM1) a taxi. Taxi usually queue up at the major shopping complexes and around some of the major hotels.
KTM Komuter operates speedy electric train service from the KL railway station to designated points within the city as well as to Part Klang, Seremban, Kajang and Rawang.

Light Rail Transit (LRT) :
There are 2 LRT lines - STAR and PUTRA. Daily operating hours are 6.00am. - 12.00pm. Stored value tickets can be purchased at any LRT station.

Traveling in public buses is one of the best ways to see Kuala Lumpur. Major bus lines servicing the city and suburban areas are Intrakota, Metro and Cityliner.

Klang Bus Station To Pelaling Jaya, Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Shah Alam and Port Klang.
Jalan Sultan Mohamad Bus To Bungsar, Petaling Jaya (Old Town), Kelana Jaya, Jalan Pantai, Bukit Damansara and Subang.
Bangkok Bank Bus Station To Selayang Baru, Segambut Dalam and Batu Caves.
Pudu Raya Bus Station To Seri kembangan, Sungai Besi Camp, Balakong, Taman Seri Serdang and kajang.
Lebuh Ampang Bus Station To Taman Greenwood, Kg. Air Panas, Sri Gombak, Taman Setapak and 12th Mile Gombak.
Kata Raya Shopping Complex/Menara Maybank To Jalan Cheras, Sri Petaling, Serdang Lama, Taman Goodwood, Salak South, Sungei Besi, Kampung Pandan, Bandar Tun Razak and Taman Maluri.
Chow Kit Bus Stand To Kg. Datuk Keramat, Ulu Kelang, Ampang, Cheras, Selak South, Sungai Besi, Petaling Jaya, Jalan kelang Lama, Bangsar, Damansara, kepong, Jinjang, Segambut, Selayang, Sentul, Gombak and Jalan Genting Kelang.
Hentian Duta To KLIA
There are also several bus companies which operate intercity, stage and express bus services to various destinations in the peninsula. Bus stations for interstate buses are located at:
          Putra Bus Station (Opposite the Putra World Trade Centre) Tel 03-442 9530 to the East Coast
Pekeliling Bus Station jalan Tun Razak  Tel: 03-442 1256  to The East Coast
Pudu Raya Bus Station jalan Pudu  Tel: 03-230 0145  to The North & South and Singapore
Bangunan MARA Medan MARA jalan Raja Laut Tel: 03-291 8113  to The North & South

Traveling by car gives more flexibility to visit places that are out of the city centre. Many of the international car rental agencies have counters at the airport. Hotels can also help arrange for car rentals. An international driving permit or a recognized valid driving license is required to drive in Kuala Lumpur.

Public Transport to and from KL International Airport (KLIA)
Various modes of public transportation are available to and from KLIA. They are:
Express Coach Service (KL City)

Route Hentain Duta nearby the Tun Razak Hockey Stadium, Kuala Lumpur to the Bus Terminal of KLIA at Grond Lavel, Block C of the Covered Car Park and vice-versa.
Hentian Duta Kuala Lumpur & Bus Terminal of KLIA
Frequency 30 minutes interval
From Hention Duta From KLIA
First service
Last service
Estimated Traveling Time
1 houe
Express coach: RM 20.00/RM 25.00*
*To/From hotels in KL via Hentian Duta, Bus Terminal from/to KLIA.
Express Coach Service (Shah Alam)
Route The Pan Pacific Glenmarie Hotel & Resort, Shah Alam to the bus terminal of KLIA at Ground Level, Block of the Covered Car Park and vice-versa.
The Pan Pacific Glenmarie Hotel and Resort, Shah Alam
Frequency One hour interval From Pan Pacific Glenmarie From KLIA
First service
Last service
Estimated Traveling Time
45 Minutes
Express coach: RM 08.50 (One - Way)/RM 16.00 (Return)*
Express Coach Service (Chan Sow Lin)
Route Chan Sow Lin, STAR LRT Station to the bus terminal of KLIA at Ground Level, Block C of the Covered Car Park and vice-versa.
Chan Sow Lin, STAR-LRT Station.
Frequency One hour interval From Chan Sow Lin From KLIA
First service
Last service
Estimated Traveling Time
45 Minutes
Express coach: RM 10.00 (One - Way)/RM 18.00 (Return)*
Tickets for the bus service can be purchased at the Arrival Concourse (Level 3) of KLIA or at the covered car park. For enquiries please call 03-653 3154 and Toll-Free 1-800880-495.

Two levels of limousine taxi service are provided at KLIA viz., the Premier Service and Budget Service. This is a pre-paid service and coupons have to be purchased at counters at the Arrival Concourse of the MTB. Fares and routes are based on a zoning system and varies according to the type of service used.

Elsewhere, if you require an airport taxi or limousine, you can call free phone 1-800-880-737, 1-800-880-678 or arrange them through your hotel.

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